Rosaura Emelia Galarza Heyman (Guaranda, 1877 – February 13, 1966) was an Ecuadorian teacher, journalist, writer, and a pioneer in the field of women’s publishing. She was the founder of Ondina del Guayas, a monthly women’s magazine of literature and variety, which was edited in Guayaquil between 1907 and 1910. In addition, Galarza and her sister Celina María Galarza founded the magazine Flora in Quito in 1917, which became the most important women’s magazine published in Quito. Galarza also created other magazines, including Primavera in Riobamba, Hacia El Ideal and Álbum Bolivarense in Guaranda. Along with Zoila Ugarte de Landívar, Victoria Vásconez Cuvi, and María Angélica Idrobo, all teachers at the Liceo Fernández Madrid, Galarza was a founder and director of the magazine Alas in 1934. Galarza left behind a legacy of promoting women’s education and empowerment through her writing and activism.
Magazines that Rosaura Emilia Galarza created or published, with the year and the people involved:
- “La Ondina del Guayas” edited in Guayaquil between 1907 and 1910. Subtitled “Monthly Women’s Magazine of Literature and Variety” Directed by Rosaura Emilia Galarza, Celina María Galarza, and Teresa Alavedra y Tama
- “Flora” published in Quito between 1917 and 1920. Subtitled “Illustrated Women’s Magazine of Literature.” Created and directed by Rosaura Emilia Galarza and Celina María Galarza
- “Primavera” published in Riobamba (no specific year provided). Created and directed by Rosaura Emilia Galarza
- “Hacia El Ideal” published in Guaranda (no specific year provided). Created and directed by Rosaura Emilia Galarza
- “Álbum Bolivarense” published in Guaranda (no specific year provided). Created and directed by Rosaura Emilia Galarza
- “Alas” published in Quito in 1934. Created and directed by a union of several women writers: Zoila Ugarte de Landivar, Victoria Vascones Cuvi, María Angélica Idrovo, and Rosaura Emilia Galarza.
- Educación moral (1950)