Hipólito Alvarado

Hipólito Alvarado Espinosa de los Monteros (Guayaquil, 1929 – Guayaquil, 2016) was an Ecuadorian writer, novelist, and poet. He published the short story book, “La segunda voz” (1975) and the poetry book “Más allá del tiempo y las imágenes” (1986). Some of his poems were translated into English and included in the anthology “Tapestry of the Sun. An Anthology of Ecuadorian poetry” (2009) by Alexis Levitin and Fernando Itúrburu. Hipólito Alvarado’s non-fiction books include: “Una celebridad llamada soya” (1985) and the first volume of “Cómo escribir un cuento” [How To Write A Story] (2001).

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Agustín Vulgarín

Agustín Vulgarín (Guayaquil, 1938 – 1986) was an Ecuadorian poet, fiction writer and playwright. He wrote several poetry books, including: “El pez que fuma” (1964), “El bosque de las estatuas” (1974) and “Cuadernos de Bantú” (1977), among others. Some of his plays include “Atahualpa: drama en dos actos” and ”La Mayasquerita: drama en tres actos.” Among his fiction are the novels: “Alfeo el de las iguanas” and “Los poriparalos.”

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Jacinto Cordero Espinosa

Jacinto Cordero Espinosa (Cuenca, June 25, 1926 – September 29, 2018) was an Ecuadorian poet. He authored several poetry collections and his poems have been included in various poetry anthologies both at home and abroad. In addition to being a professor in the Faculty of jurisprudence at the University of Cuenca, he was the director of the Azuayan Folklore Institute and president of the Commission of the Castle of Ingapirca. He was a recipient of the National Cultural Merit Medal from the House of Ecuadorian Culture. He also received the Cultural Merit Medal from Ecuador’s Ministry of Education. He was a corresponding member of the Ecuadorian Academy of Language and a member of the House of Ecuadorian Culture. Some of his poems have been translated into English, French, Portuguese, and German.

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Ariruma Kowii

Ariruma Kowii, born Jacinto Conejo Maldonado (Otavalo, Imbabura, Ecuador, August 4, 1961) is considered one of the most important poets writing in the Quechua language. His debut poetry collection Mutsuctsurini (1988) was one of the first books to be written and published exclusively in Quechua. He is also a columist for the Quito newspaper Hoy. In 2007 he was appointed Undersecretary of Education for the Indigenous Peoples of Ecuador in the Ministry of Education, responsible for Intercultural Dialogue. He teaches Literature and Cultural Studies at the Simón Bolívar Andean University. He is the brother of the mayor of Otavalo, Mario Conejo Maldonado.

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Saranelly de Lamas

Saranelly de Lamas, aka Saranelly Toledo de Lamas (Riobamba, 1933 – Guayaquil, 1992) was a poet, journalist and fiction writer. As a journalist she was the Cultural Correspondent of the newspapers El País and Occidente (Cali, Colombia) and El Tiempo de Bogota (New York, U.S.) and editor of the Art Page of the newspaper El Nacional (Caracas, Vezenuela). Her major works include: “Revenant” (1961), “Crónicas para un lugar desconocido” (1982) “Orfeo y otros cantos,” and “Los peces de jade cantan a la Paz.”

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María Luisa Lecaro

María Luisa Lecaro Pinto was an early 20th-century Ecuadorian poet from Guayaquil who wrote under the pseudonym Tatá. In 1927, she came in second place in a poetry contest sponsored by the journal Savia, with Hugo Mayo taking first place. She was the sister of cartoonist and caricaturist Guillermo Lecaro Pinto, known by the pseudonym Lekropín, director of humorous and anticlerical journals in the city of Guayaquil, and to whom she dedicated one of her best-known poems. Her work, which had been ignored for decades, was rediscovered thanks to the poetry anthology “Del Vanguardismo hasta el 50” [From Avant-garde To 1950], published by the Ecuadorian writer and literary critic Rodrigo Pesántez Rodas in 1999.

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Edgar Ramirez Estrada

Edgar Ramirez Estrada (Guayaquil, May 5, 1923 – April 9, 2001) was an Ecuadorian poet and psychiatrist. He published 6 poetry collections during his lifetime and his work has been included in several anthologies. His work was admired and championed by many renowned Ecuadorian literary figures such as Alejandro Carrión Aguirre, Miguel Donoso Pareja, and Carlos Eduardo Jaramillo. Beginning with his poetry collection “Derrumbe” (1969), his style of poetry has been referred to as anti-poetry or no-poetry. All of his books were published by the House of Ecuadorian Culture. He was the son of one of Ecuador’s most important poets, Aurora Estrada y Ayala. He was also the brother of novelist Alcino Ramírez Estrada and poet Isabel Ramírez Estrada.

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Arias Augusto

Arias Augusto Robalino (Quito, March 15, 1903 – Quito, August 23, 1974) was an Ecuadorian poet, essayist, biographer, anthologist, scholar, university professor, and literary critic. His poetry exemplifies modernismo in early twentieth-century Ecuador. His poetry collection “Del sentir” (1920) is considered one of the major works in Ecuadorian literature. He was a fervent scholar of Ecuadorian literature and as such wrote biographies on Ecuadorian authors such as Eugenio Espejo, Luis A. Martínez, and Pedro Fermín Cevallos. He also wrote several studies, such as “Panorama de la literatura ecuatoriana” (Quito, 1948), “España en los Andes” (Madrid, 1950), and ”El viajero de papel” (Quito, 1968), to name a few. He also compiled and edited the poetry anthology “Antología de poetas ecuatorianos” (Quito, 1944) with Antonio Montalvo.

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Martha Lizarzuburu

Martha Lizarzuburu (Quito, 1944) is an Ecuadorian poet. She has published 3 poetry collections: “Aljibe” (1964), “Memorial de la sombra y la ternura” (1973), and “Ataduras para el viento” (1977). Her work was also featured in the poetry anthology “Antología de ocho poetas tanáticas del Ecuador (2005) edited by Rodrigo Pesántez Rodas.

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Manuel Gallegos Naranjo

Manuel Gallegos Naranjo (Guayaquil, March 26, 1845 – Ibídem, 1917) was an Ecuadorian chronicler, novelist and poet of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. In 1871 he founded the magazine “Espejo” which enraged President Gabriel García Moreno who exiled him to Chile. Later, on his return to Ecuador, he supported General Ignacio de Veintimilla. He founded the newspaper “Ocho de Septiembre” being his salary paid by the government, at that time he moved to Quito. In 1878 he began to put out his first productions as a writer. Some time later he published a loose leaf attacking Juan León Mera who was a supporter of Garcia Moreno. He collaborated in the newspaper La Nación in his hometown, he was also editor of “Diario Los Andes.” In 1883 he edited “El Almanaque Ecuatoriano” [The Ecuadorian Almanac] which contained all kinds of valuable information in its more than 300 pages. By 1895, due to thrombosis, he was reduced to a wheelchair. His work “Celebridades Malditas” [Cursed Celebrities] is a historical novel about characters from old Guayaquil who became involved in criminal activity as a result of bad decisions in their lives; it was reprinted by the Editorial of the Municipal Library of Guayaquil. Six of his unpublished works live in the Carlos Alberto Rolando National Authors Library in Guayaquil.

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Elsy Santillán Flor 

Elsy Santillán Flor (Quito, December 23, 1957) is an Ecuadorian poet, fiction writer, playwright, and author of children’s literature. She’s also a lawyer by profession and has worked in Ecuador’s courts. From 1999-2002 she was secretary of Ecuadorian Society of Writers (SEDE). She was the recipient of the Jorge Luis Borges National Prize and the Pablo Palacio Prize. One of her plays received honorable mention at the Joaquín Gallegos Lara Prize in 2011. The majority of her short fiction was collected in “Los miedos juntos” (2009). In 2021, she published her latest work, a horror novel titled “Fantasmagórica aventura del grupo 21” [The Phantasmagorical Adventure of Group 21]. Some of her works have been translated into Hungarian and French.

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Rosalía Arteaga

Rosalía Arteaga, born Lupe Rosalía Arteaga Serrano (Cuenca, December 5, 1956) is an Ecuadorian social activist, writer, and politician. She served as president of Ecuador between February 6-11, 1997. She was the first woman constitutional president and vice president of Ecuador. She co-authored the book “Alto Cenepa: los frentes de una guerra,” (1995) and wrote the book “La Presidenta, el secuestro de una propuesta” (1997). Her best known book is “Jerónimo,” which has gone through 8 editions in Spanish, 2 in English, and 1 in Chinese, Braille, Portuguese, Italian and a bilingual edition in Spanish/Portuguese. A continuation, “Los otros Jerónimos,” was published in 2002, with a prologue by the Spanish writer Rosa Montero. She has also written children and youth literature. She currently lives in Quito, Ecuador.

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Francisco Proaño Arandi

Francisco Proaño Arandi (Cuenca, January 20, 1944) is an Ecuadorian novelist, short story writer, essayist, and diplomat. In the 1960’s he was part of the literary group called Tzántzicos. In 1961, when he was 17 years old, he published a poetry book titled “Poesías.” However, since then he has dedicated himself solely to prose. In 1964 he started the magazine Z with Alejandro Moreano, and the magazine La bufanda del sol (1965-1966) with Ulises Estrella and Alejandro Moreano. In 1972, he published his first book of poems, “Historias de disecadores.” In 1984, he published his first novel, “Antiguas caras en el espejo,” which was critically acclaimed and was awarded the José Mejía Lequerica Prize by the Municipality of Quito for best prose work. In 1993, he published a second novel, “Del otro lado de las cosas.” In 2003 his short story book, “Historias del país fingido,” won the Joaquín Gallegos Lara Prize. In 2003, his third novel, “La razón y el presagio” was published. His fourth novel, “Tratado del amor clandestino,” was a finalist of the Rómulo Gallegos International Prize (2009, Caracas, Venezuela) and the José María Arguedas Prize from the Casa de las Américas (2010, Havana, Cuba). In 2009, his fifth novel “El sabor de la condena” also won the Joaquín Gallegos Lara Prize. From 2002 to 2003 he was the director of the House of Ecuadorian Culture’s magazine Letras del Ecuador. Although he was born in Cuenca, he has lived in Quito most of his life since that’s where his family is originally from.

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Georges Pillement

Georges Pillement (March 23, 1898 — April, 14 1984) was a French writer, translator, Spanish and Hispano-American literature scholar, author of books on art and tourism, and photographer. In 1938, he translated “Huasipungo,” Ecuador’s most famous novel (written in 1934 by Jorge Icaza) into French as “La Fosse aux Indiens” (literally, The Indian Pit). It was the first time “Huasipungo” was translated into another language (it was eventually translated into over 40 languages by other translators, including Russian, Chinese, and English). Moreover, in 1945 he published a French anthology of Ecuadorian short stories entitled “Gens de l’Equateur,” which contained stories by José de la Cuadra, Gil Gilbert, Jorge Icaza, Gallegos Lara, A. Malta, H. Salvador. In his illustrious career, Georges Pillement won the Prix des Deux Magots for his novel “Plaisir d’amour” in 1937, and the French Academy’s Prix Louis Barthou in 1964 and the Prix Georges Dupau in 1975.

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Paul Zech

Paul Zech (February 19, 1881 — September 7, 1946) was a German Expressionist writer of the first half of the twentieth century. His German translation of Jorge Icaza’s famous novel “Huasipungo” was published after his death in 1952 as “Huasi-Pungo. Ruf der Indios,” (literally, Huasipungo. Cry of the Indians). Zech’s prolific literary output included essays, poetry, plays, and translation. In 1933, having garnered criticism and opposition from Germany’s far-right, he emigrated to Buenos Aires, Argentina in the fall of 1933, where he remained in exile from the Nazis until his death in 1946. Known primarily for his translations of classic French works, almost all of his longer works, including seven novels, remained unpublished during his lifetime. These posthumous works were instrumental in finally bringing him the recognition he so richly deserved.

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