Club 7 (Group of poets from 1950s Guayaquil, Ecuador)

Club 7 or Club Siete (1951-1962) was a group of poets formed in Guayaquil, made up of David Ledesma Vázquez (1934-1961), Gastón Hidalgo Ortega (1929-1973), Carlos Benavides Vega (1931-1999), Ileana Espinel Cedeño (1934-2001), Sergio Román Armendáriz (1934), Carlos Abadíe Silva (?-?), and Miguel Donoso Pareja (1931-2015). After learning of Ledesma and Benavides’s homosexuality, Donoso and Abadíe left the group. In 1954, the remaining 5 members published a poetry anthology titled “Club 7.” In 1960, three members, Ledesma, Román, and Espinel, published a new collection titled “Triángulo.”


Tzantzismo was a cultural movement from Ecuador’s 1960s. It was founded in Quito by Marco Muñoz and Ulises Estrella, while the rest of the members came together throughout the decade. They were influenced by other Ecuadorian intellectuals such as Jorge Enrique Adoum, César Dávila Andrade and Agustín Cueva. Tzantzismo was expressed primarily in poetry, and to a lesser extent in fiction and theater. This literary revolutionary movement emerged in response to an alleged degradation and gentrification of Ecuadorian literature. An important book on the movement’s history was written by author Susana Freire García.

Continue reading “Tzantzismo”