Eugenio Espejo

Francisco Javier Eugenio de Santa Cruz y Espejo (Royal Audiencia of Quito, February 21, 1747 – December 28, 1795) better known as Eugenio Espejo, was a prominent figure in colonial Ecuador, who made significant contributions to journalism, library science, and hygiene. He was a fearless journalist who advocated for enlightened ideas, and was an influential leader in the Quito separatist movement. As a hygienist, he authored a groundbreaking treatise on the health conditions in colonial Ecuador, with prescient observations on the role of microorganisms in the spread of diseases. Espejo was also a satirist who fearlessly exposed the corruption and lack of education in the Royal Audiencia, and the shortcomings of its culture, through his critical and witty literary works. Despite facing persecution and imprisonment during his lifetime, Espejo’s unwavering commitment to truth-telling has left an enduring legacy in Ecuadorian history.

Continue reading “Eugenio Espejo”

Manuela de la Santa Cruz y Espejo

Manuela de la Santa Cruz y Espejo, also known by her pseudonym Erophilia in her articles (Quito, December 20, 1753 – Quito, 1829) was an Ecuadorian journalist, nurse, feminist, and revolutionary. She was the sister of Eugenio Espejo, with whom she discussed and shared Enlightenment and revolutionary, pro-revolutionary thought and ideas.

Juan Bautista de Aguirre

Father Juan Bautista de Aguirre y Carbo (Daule, Ecuador, April 11, 1725 – Tivoli, Italy, June 15, 1786) was a writer, poet, philisopher, theologian and Jesuit priest from colonial South America. Aguirre wrote poems of varying topics, including religious, moral, and love poems. Aguirre taught in Quito at the San Gregorio Magno University until the Jesuits were expelled from Spanish America in 1767. On August 20 of that year he left South America from Guayaquil bound for Faenza, Italy, where the Jesuits of Quito had taken refuge. Once in Italy, Aguirre was the superior of the Jesuit convent school in Ravenna and rector of the college in Ferrara. After the Order of the Jesuits was terminated by Pope Clement XIV in 1773, he settled in Rome under the papacy of Pope Pius VI. He was a friend of the bishop of Tivoli, Monsignor Gregorio Bamaba Chiaramonti, future Pope Pius VII.

Continue reading “Juan Bautista de Aguirre”