Club 7 (Group of poets from 1950s Guayaquil, Ecuador)

Club 7 or Club Siete (1951-1962) was a group of poets formed in Guayaquil, made up of David Ledesma Vázquez (1934-1961), Gastón Hidalgo Ortega (1929-1973), Carlos Benavides Vega (1931-1999), Ileana Espinel Cedeño (1934-2001), Sergio Román Armendáriz (1934), Carlos Abadíe Silva (?-?), and Miguel Donoso Pareja (1931-2015). After learning of Ledesma and Benavides’s homosexuality, Donoso and Abadíe left the group. In 1954, the remaining 5 members published a poetry anthology titled “Club 7.” In 1960, three members, Ledesma, Román, and Espinel, published a new collection titled “Triángulo.”

The Decapitated Generation

Generación decapitada (Spanish for “Beheaded/Decapitated Generation”) is a literary group from the early twentieth century composed primarily of four young Ecuadorian poets. The group is called “decapitada,” or “decapitated,” because each member committed suicide at a young age. It includes two men from Guayaquil, Medardo Ángel Silva and Ernesto Noboa y Caamaño and two from Quito, Arturo Borja and Humberto Fierro. These four writers were heavily influenced by Rubén Darío’s modernismo movement and 19th-century French romantic poetry. They all read the poetry of Baudelaire, Hugo, Rimbaud, and Verlaine in the original French. Despite knowing each other and dedicating poems to one another, they never met to form an actual literary group. The term “generación decapitada” was coined in the mid-twentieth century by writer Raúl Andrade and other journalists and historians who noticed similarities in the authors’ poetry and fates.

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The poets of Elan

The poets of Elan are a group of Ecuadorian poets born between 1905 and 1920 representing the neosymbolism or lyrical vanguard movement. These poets gravitate towards an inner, cerebral lyric, but are also moved by the decisive influence of the social movements growing in Ecuador and the world, specially to the many questions that arise after World War I and the years that followed.

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