Eugenio Espejo

Eugenio Espejo

Eugenio Espejo, born Francisco Javier Eugenio de Santa Cruz y Espejo (Royal Audiencia of Quito, February 21, 1747 – December 28, 1795) is regarded as one of the most important figures in colonial Ecuador. He was Quito’s first journalist, librarian and hygienist. His polemic writings inspired the separatist movement in Quito. As a journalist he spread enlightened ideas in the Royal Audiencia, and as a hygienist he composed an important treatise about sanitary conditions in colonial Ecuador that included interesting remarks about microorganisms and the spreading of disease. Espejo was noted in his time for being a satirist. His satirical works, inspired by the philosophy of the Age of Enlightenment, were critical of the lack of education of the Audiencia of Quito, the way the economy was being handled in the Audiencia, the corruption of its authorities, and aspects of its culture in general. Because of these works he was persecuted and finally imprisoned shortly before his death.

Ecuador’s first librarian

Eugenio Espejo is considered Ecuador’s first librarian and worked in the Quito Public Library in 1791, at which time he was in charge of nearly 40,000 volumes.

Works

  • Sermones para la profesión de dos religiosas (1778)
  • Sermón sobre los dolores de la Virgen (1779)
  • Nuevo Luciano de Quito (1779)
  • Marco Porcio Catón o Memorias para la impugnación del nuevo Luciano de Quito (1780)
  • Carta al Padre la Graña sobre indulgencias (1780)
  • Sermón de San Pedro (1780)
  • La Ciencia Blancardina (1781)
  • El Retrato de Golilla (Attributed, 1781)
  • Reflexiones acerca de un método para preservar a los pueblos de las viruelas (1785)
  • Defensa de los curas de Riobamba (1787)
  • Cartas riobambenses (1787)
  • Representaciones al presidente Villalengua (1787)
  • Discurso sobre la necesidad de establecer una sociedad patriótica con el nombre de “Escuela de la Concordia” (1789)
  • Segunda carta teológica sobre la Inmaculada Concepción de María (1792)
  • Memorias sobre el corte de quinas (1792)
  • Voto de un ministro togado de la Audiencia de Quito (1792)
  • Sermón de Santa Rosa (1793)

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