Carlos Arturo León Romero

Early Life and Education

Born on June 25, 1886, in Riobamba, Ecuador, Carlos Arturo León Romero was the son of the respected jurist Dr. Daniel León Nájera and Mrs. Angela Romero. He began his education at the Colegio de San Felipe in his hometown, where he achieved his high school diploma. He then moved to the capital to study at the Faculty of Jurisprudence at the University of Quito. By 1912, he had earned his Doctor of Law degree and joined the Bar Association. This foundation in law and justice would later permeate his literary works, reflecting themes of social equity and moral dilemma.


Following his academic pursuits, León Romero’s career took a dual path. As a lawyer, he joined the ranks of Ecuador’s legal fraternity, contributing to the field with the acumen expected of a person of his heritage. However, his passion for literature and theater soon led him to a parallel career as a writer and playwright. His early success with plays like “Reparación” and “El Recluta” marked the beginning of a prolific period in theater, with several of his works performed to acclaim in Quito and Guayaquil.

Carlos Arturo León Romero was a founding member of the Chimborazo nucleus of the House of Ecuadorian Culture, which became instrumental in enriching the cultural landscape of the region. This institution significantly contributed to promoting the arts, literature, and cultural preservation within Chimborazo, marking a pivotal advancement in the province’s cultural development.

Literary Career

Carlos Arturo León Romero was a prolific author, penning numerous plays, poems, and novels throughout his lifetime. His literary output includes notable works such as “Reparación,” “El Recluta,” “La Huérfana,” and “Fuego entre Cenizas.” His dramas often addressed the complexities of human emotions and social injustices, resonating with audiences and critics alike. León Romero’s contribution to Ecuadorian literature was significant, with his works contributing to the cultural tapestry of the nation. His efforts to establish a theater in his property, which opened in 1929 as Teatro Daniel León, named in honor of his father, underscored his commitment to the arts.

Death and Legacy

Carlos Arturo León Romero passed away on December 19, 1968, in Quito, at the age of 82. His death marked the end of an era in Ecuadorian literature and theater, but his legacy lives on. The Teatro Daniel León remains a testament to his life’s work, despite its varied fortunes over the years. León Romero’s literary and theatrical contributions have left an indelible mark on Ecuador’s cultural landscape, ensuring his place in the annals of the country’s history. His works continue to be studied and celebrated, serving as a bridge between the Ecuador of the past and its present.


  • June 25, 1886: Carlos Arturo León Romero is born in Riobamba, Ecuador, to Dr. Daniel León Nájera and Mrs. Angela Romero.
  • Early 1900s: Completes his high school education at Colegio de San Felipe in Riobamba, achieving his diploma.
  • 1910: Earns his Doctor of Law degree from the Faculty of Jurisprudence at the University of Quito and joins the Bar Association.
  • January 1, 1914: His first play, “Reparación,” is performed at the Teatro Sucre in Quito, marking the beginning of his successful career in theater.
  • 1916: Initiates the construction of Teatro Daniel León on his property in honor of his father.
  • 1929: The Teatro Daniel León is inaugurated, establishing a significant cultural venue in Ecuador.
  • 1959: Publishes the novel “La vuelta a la vida” in Quito, showcasing his versatility as a writer.
  • Throughout his career: Writes and sees the successful staging of numerous plays, including “El Recluta,” “La Huérfana,” “Fuego entre Cenizas,” and others, contributing significantly to Ecuadorian literature and theater.
  • 1968: Passes away on December 19 in Quito, leaving behind a rich legacy in the fields of literature, law, and theater.



  • “La Mujer de tu Prójimo” [Your Neighbor’s Wife]
  • La vuelta a la vida [The Return to Life]
  • El Secreto de Oro [The Golden Secret]


  • Reparación, drama en 4 actos [Reparation, a drama in four acts]
  • El Recluta, drama en 4 actos [The Recruit, a drama in four acts]
  • La Huérfana, drama en 3 actos [The Orphan, a drama in three acts]
  • Segunda Nupcia, comedia en 2 actos [Second Nuptials, a comedy in two acts]
  • Fuego entre Cenizas, comedia en 1 acto [Fire Among Ashes, a comedy in one act]
  • Un Duelo a Muerte, sainete en 2 actos [A Duel to the Death, a farce in two acts] (Inédita)
  • Un Gran Negocio, drama en 4 actos [A Great Deal, a drama in four acts] (Inédita)
  • Redención, drama en 4 actos [Redemption, a drama in four acts] (Inédito)
  • El Duque de Gandia, drama en 4 actos [The Duke of Gandia, a drama in four acts] (Inédita)
  • Comerás el Pan, drama en 3 actos [You Will Eat Bread, a drama in three acts] (Inédita)
  • El Milagro de la Virgen, drama en 3 actos [The Miracle of the Virgin, a drama in three acts] (Inédita)
  • Ya Estoy Civilizada, drama en 3 actos [I Am Now Civilized, a drama in three acts]
  • Matrimonio y Mortaja, comedia en 1 acto [Marriage and Shroud, a comedy in one act] (Inédita)
  • La Mujer de tu Prójimo, drama en 4 actos [Your Neighbor’s Wife, a drama in four acts]


  • Canto a México [Ode to Mexico]
  • Cantos de un Corazón [Songs from a Heart]

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