Juan Félix Proaño Castillo


  • July 20, 1850: Born in Riobamba, Ecuador, to Manuel Proaño de los Reyes y Araujo and Carmen Castillo Zambrano.Early Childhood: Begins informal education under the guidance of his mother, Carmen Castillo Zambrano.
  • 1860: Enters the Jesuit College San Felipe Neri in Riobamba.
  • 1866: Death of his father, Manuel Proaño de los Reyes y Araujo.
  • July 25, 1869: Graduates with a Bachelor in Philosophy from the College San Felipe Neri.
  • 1872: Assumes role as Prefect and Professor of Literature and Philosophy at the Seminary of Riobamba.
  • February 18, 1875: Ordained as a priest and earns a Doctorate in Theology.
  • 1877 – 1881: Serves as Vicerrector and Rector of the Seminary.
  • 1884 – 1886: Elected as a Deputy for his province, engaging in political activities and expressing his conservative stance.
  • 1892: Founds “El Templo del Sagrado Corazón de Jesús” newspaper in Riobamba.
  • 1894: Becomes a Member of the Cantonal Council of Riobamba.
  • 1895: Actively opposes the Liberal Revolution led by Eloy Alfaro. Begins writing against liberal policies.
  • 1896: Plays a significant role in the conservative resistance against the liberal government.
  • 1897: Exiled to Lima, Peru, due to his political and religious activities against the liberal regime.
  • Late 1890s: Continues his exile in Santiago, Chile, dedicating himself to teaching, writing, and pastoral care.
  • Early 1900s: Returns to Ecuador and becomes involved in the administration of the diocese of Bolívar.
  • March 15, 1906 – January 24, 1908: Directs the diocese as Vicario General and Vicario Capitular.
  • 1915: “El Templo del Sagrado Corazón de Jesús” is renamed “Mensajero del Sagrado Corazón”.
  • 1918: Elected as a Corresponding Member of the National Academy of History.1919: Drama “Quisquís” receives honorable mention in the International Dramatic Contest in Colombia.
  • July 30, 1938: Passes away in Riobamba at the age of 88. His death marks the end of a significant era in Ecuadorian literature, politics, and religion.

Literary Works

  • “Quisquís”: A drama highlighting Incaic civilization, which received honorable mention in the International Dramatic Contest in Colombia, 1919.
  • “Condorazo”: A drama in prose about prehistoric Ecuador, published to celebrate his sacerdotal golden jubilee in 1925.
  • “Romance Histórico”: Reprinted in 1926, originally a poetic narrative concerning the conservative campaign against radical liberalism in 1896.

Historical and Educational Contributions

  • Memoria sobre la construcción del Templo de San Alfonso de Ligorio: Published in the year following his exile, detailing the construction of a significant church, date unspecified.
  • Biography of Dr. Leopoldo Freire: Published in 1911.
  • Memoria de la Diócesis de Riobamba en 50 años de existencia: Published in 1915, under the pseudonym “Léntulo”.

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