Alfredo Pareja Diezcanseco

Alfredo Pareja Diezcanseco

Alfredo Pareja Diezcanseco was an Ecuadorian novelist, essayist, journalist, historian and statesman. He was born in Guayaquil on October 12, 1908 and died in Quito on May 1, 1993. He was part of a literary group called the “Group of Guayaquil,” whose members utilized realism in their stories. The other members of the group were José de la Cuadra, Joaquin Gallegos Lara, Demetrio Aguilera Malta and Enrique Gil Gilbert. Among the many government posts he held throughout his lifetime, he was elected to the Constituent Assembly in 1944 and was made Minister of Foreign Affairs in 1979. In 1979 he was awarded the Eugenio Espejo Award, the most important literary prize in Ecuador.

Alfredo Pareja Diezcanseco in 1960 next to a portrait of himself by the Ecuadorian painter Oswaldo Guayasamín.

Alfredo Pareja Diezcanseco interview on LA TV ECUADOR, 1990

Personal Life

Alfredo Pareja Diezcanseco married Mercedes Cucalón Concha, his cousin, in 1934. Together they had three children, Jorge, Cecilia, and Francisco. Pareja died on May 1,1993.

Honors, distinctions and positions

  • Medal of the Eloy Alfaro International Foundation of Havana 1944
  • Medal for Literary Merit Municipality of Guayaquil, 1972
  • Eugenio Espejo National Award, the most important literary prize in Ecuador, 1979.
  • Grand Officer of the Order of Merit of Ecuador
  • Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of Ecuador
  • Grand Cross of Isabel la Católica
  • Grand-Croix de l’Ordre de la Couronne
  • Grand Cross of the Order of the Sun
  • Grand Cross of the Order of Rio Branco
  • Grand Cross of the José Cecilio del Valle Order
  • Legion d’honneur
  • Doctor Honoris Causa, University of Guayaquil, 1986
  • Member, National Academy of History, June 1989
  • Member, Royal Spanish Academy
  • Member, Institute of Anthropology and Geography of Ecuador Member, The House of Ecuadorian Culture
  • Member, Academy of the History of Ecuador
  • Member of the Center for Literary Studies, University of Guayaquil
  • History Advisor, Pan American Institute of Geography and History, Ecuador. Professor of History of Culture, Central University of Ecuador
  • Deputy Director and Professor of History and Political Theory, International Institute of Political Studies, San José, Costa Rica.
  • Professor of Latin American History and International Relations, Graduate School of the University of Florida, USA.
  • Political Thought of the Grancolombianas Republics
  • Guggenheim Fellowship
  • Professor of Latin America Political Problems and International Relations, Center for Advanced Studies of the Graduate School, University of Miami, USA.
  • History Research Professor, Central University of Ecuador
  • Professor of Foreign Literature, Catholic University of Quito, Ecuador
  • Laronque Tinker Chair, Graduate School, University of Texas, literature and politics in the countries of the Andean Group.
  • Courses and conferences at the University of Texas, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque and at the University of Puerto Rico.



  • La casa de los locos (Guayaquil, 1929)
  • La señorita Ecuador (Guayaquil, 1930)
  • Río arriba (1931)
  • El muelle (Guayaquil, 1933)
  • La Beldaca (Santiago de Chile, 1935)
  • Baldomera (Santiago de Chile, 1938)
  • Hechos y hazañas de don Balón de Baba y su amigo don Inocente Cruz (Buenos Aires, 1939)
  • Hombres sin tiempo (Buenos Aires, 1941)
  • Las tres ratas (Buenos Aires, 1944)
  • La advertencia (Buenos Aires, 1956)
  • El aire y los recuerdos (Buenos Aires, 1959)
  • Los poderes omnímodos (Buenos Aires, 1964)
  • Las pequeñas estaturas (Madrid, 1970)
  • La manticora (Buenos Aires, 197])
  • El entenao (Guayaquil, 1991)

Short story

  • Los gorgojos (Quito, 1954)

Non fiction

  • Breve historia del Ecuador (1946)
  • Historia del Ecuador (1954)
  • La lucha por la democracia en el Ecuador (Quito, 1956)
  • Thomas Mann y el nuevo humanismo (Quito], 1956)
  • El Ecuador de Eloy Alfaro (1966)
  • Historia de la República del Ecuador de 1830 a 1972 (Quito, 1974)
  • Las Instituciones y la Administración en la Real Audiencia de Quito (Quito, 1975)
  • Ecuador: de la prehistoria a la conquista española (Quito, 1978)
  • Ecuador: la República de 1830 a nuestros días (Quito, 1979)
  • Ensayos de ensayos (Quito, 1981)
  • Notas de un viaje a China (Quito, 1986)


  • La hoguera bárbara, vida de Eloy Alfaro (México, 1944)
  • Vida y leyenda de Miguel de Santiago (México, 1952).

Alfredo Pareja works are contained in the following anthologies:

  • El nuevo relato ecuatoriano (Quito, 1951)
  • Antología básica del cuento ecuatoriano (Quito, 1998)
  • Ensayos reunidos (Quito, 2009)

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